|Ankle pain is a common foot complaint. Generally, there are two types: acute ankle pain and chronic ankle pain.
1. Acute ankle pain results from trauma or injury. The most common ankle injury is a sprained ankle. Ankle sprains often occur during sports, running or athletics. The ankle twists which causes damage to the ligaments and tissue surrounding the ankle joint. Although very painful, ankle sprains will usually heal within a matter of weeks by simply resting the foot.
2. Chronic ankle pain is a long-term foot complaint. Pain is experienced either on the inside of the ankle (medial ankle pain) or on the outside (lateral ankle pain). Medial ankle pain is caused by stress on the tendons and nerves around the ankle region. Pain occurs on weight bearing and worsens with activity such as walking, running and sports. In some cases a sharp pain is felt, radiating into the arch of the foot. Typically medial ankle is caused by too much exercise (overuse injury) and/or excessive pronation.
Lateral ankle pain occurs on the outside of the ankle and is also worse during walking, running and exercise. It is often caused by compression of the soft tissue (tendons and ligaments) that wrap around the outside of ankle and it occurs as a result of poor foot mechanics i.e. excessive pronation. To gain a better understanding of this problem, please first have a look at the anatomy of the ankle..