Arch pain is commonly caused by Plantar Fasciitis. This is Latin for inflammation of the Plantar Fascia - the fibrous band of ligament that connects the heel bone to the toes. A person with arch pain usually suffers from inflammation of the tissues in the midfoot area. The arch of the foot is formed by the Plantar Fascia, which tightens and relaxes during the different phases of gait. The Plantar Fascia play an important role in proper foot function, transferring weight from the heel to the toes. When the fascia are inflamed, simple movements can be quite painful.
Plantar Fasciitis is caused by over-stretching and pulling of the Plantar Fascia. Repeated strain causes small tears in the ligament. This can then lead to inflammation, irritation, pain and swelling. Arch pain is more likely to happen when:
- your feet roll inward and the arches flatten (over-pronation)
- you walk, stand, or run for long periods of time, especially on hard surfaces
- you are overweight
- you have tight Achilles tendons or tight calf muscles
Various medical studies have proven that the most effective way of dealing with arch pain is a combination of stretching exercises and wearing an orthotic shoe insert. The same treatment regime is also very effective for the treatment of heel pain and heel spurs.